in response to these changing life needs.
While everyone’s financial journey is different, most people pass through five primary financial stages as they age. During each stage, income, spending patterns, financial priorities and goals tend to change in predictable ways. Knowing which financial goals to work toward at every point can help you successfully navigate these key transitions and avoid critical mistakes.
Stage 1: Starting Out
Financial success in your 20s and 30s is all about building good financial habits and staying out of debt. In this phase of life, you might be attending university, meeting a life partner and exploring your career options. If spending outstrips income, budgeting and debt management become critical. Financial goals typically include:
- Paying off student loans and staying out of debt
- Building savings
- Saving for a car or home
- Establishing a solid credit history
Stage 2: Building and Nurturing
As you get settled in your career, your income will grow, and you can devote more financial resources to long-term goals, such as retirement. If you get married and have a family, protecting your loved ones from unforeseen circumstances becomes critical. While some people will still be paying off student loans well into their 30s and 40s, others can focus on boosting savings rates. As your income increases, it can be easy to fall into patterns of lifestyle inflation; working with a financial professional can help you to identify your goals and stay on track as you work toward them. Financial goals typically include:
- Increasing income through promotions and training
- Buying a house
- Saving for a child’s education
- Minimizing taxes
- Increasing retirement savings
Stage 3: Looking to Retirement
As you enter your 50s and 60s, you might be in your peak earning years. If your kids also leave home, you can really boost your retirement nest egg with the extra income. However,
you might also be helping your kids pay for their education or milestones, such as weddings or first homes. Many pre-retirees are also taking care of elderly parents while balancing their own savings goals. Now is a critical time for retirement preparation; work with a professional to evaluate your current situation and test different retirement scenarios to help ensure that your nest egg is large enough. Financial goals typically include:
- Maximizing retirement savings
- Paying off a mortgage and other debts
- Helping kids establish themselves
- Caring for elderly parents
- Minimizing taxes
- Preparing for retirement
Stage 4: Transitioning to Retirement
With Americans increasingly living into their 80s, 90s and later, retirement today looks very different than in decades past. If you’re like many retirees, you might want to work as long as possible or transition into retirement gradually through consulting or part-time work. Easing
into retirement can help you make the psychological adjustment and give your savings longer to grow. Travel, hobbies and family time might become big parts of your life as you get to work
on your bucket list. At this point in life, it’s important to have a good grasp of your financial situation and to have strategies for helping your money last as long as you need. Financial goals typically include:
- Turning retirement savings into income
- Managing longevity risk
- Maximizing Social Security income
- Minimizing taxes
- Supporting an active lifestyle
Stage 5: Entering Late Retirement
Life in your 80s and beyond will look different for everyone. For some, health
concerns and aging will take center stage. For others, staying independent for as long
as possible is their primary goal. You might travel less in these years if your mobility
decreases and your interests shift to your family and community. Legacy and estate
strategies become more important, and it’s critical to begin to involve trusted relatives
in your financial arrangements. If you don’t already have legal protections in place, you
should work with a legal team to draft powers of attorney and health directives.
Financial goals typically include:
- Optimizing retirement income
- Mitigating risk of running out of savings
- Managing health-care expenses
- Creating a lasting legacy
- Supporting aging through living arrangements
Your financial life is defined by a progressive series of transitions and important life
milestones: a first job, marriage, children, retirement and more. As you move through
these different stages of life, your financial needs change, and the value of professional
advice can become more obvious.
As changes occur, it’s important to review your financial strategies to make sure they
support your financial goals. If you are working with a financial professional,
keep him or her informed about life changes. FBN
By Ben Stanton
Stanton Financial Services was founded in 1997, specializing in full service accounting and income tax preparation. In addition, Stanton is a senior registered representative with Ascendant Financial Solutions, Inc.
Securities offered through Geneos Wealth Management, Inc. Member FINRA/SIPC.
All investing and investment strategies involve risk including the possible loss of principal. Investment strategies cannot ensure a profit or protect against loss in a declining market.